Journal: Atmospheric research, vol. 285, 106645, 2023
The atmospheric concentration of ice nucleating particles active at around −10 °C (INP−10) is very low. Nevertheless, these particles play a role in the development of cloud systems, so their spatial and temporal patterns merit attention. We collated available datasets on INP−10 to identify such patterns. Among the five low altitude observatories in northern Eurasia, median values throughout May to October were lowest in Scandinavia (4 and 6 m−3), somewhat higher in central Europe (11 m−3), substantially higher in the West Siberian Plain (69 m−3) and highest in the Central Yakutian Lowland (204 m−3), suggesting that the abundance of INP−10 in northern Eurasia may increase with continentality and from West to East. The range of values at the same observatories was narrower throughout November to April (2 to 27 m−3). On average, by an order of magnitude smaller values were reported for the four Arctic observatories. Consequently, increasing poleward transport of air masses from the midlatitudes likely raises the concentration of INP−10 in the Arctic, particularly when air masses had surface contact in eastern parts of northern Eurasia.